Geomorphological division of Slovakia


Meaning - explanation of some geographic and geomorphological expressions:




BránaGate (Brána)landmark deepened geomorphological unit linking two adjacent deepened geomorphological units of a larger area. The bottom of the gate has mostly a plane or a flat hill character.
BrázdaFurrow (Brázda)relatively narrow, expressively elongated depression with flat bottom
DolinaValleyelongated, bottom unclosed depression (reduction)
HoraMount, Mountain-high (Hora)ridge with tree vegetation (with forest stand)
HornatinaHeights, Highlands (Hornatina)territory with a very strong, rugged geo-relief
HornatinaHeights, Highland (Hornatina)territory with a very heavily rugged georelief with predominant vertical articulation from 311 to 640 m
HrebeňRidge (Hrebeň)elongated ridge with a sharp, often rocky top part
ChrbátRidge (Chrbát)elongated ridge with significant marginal slopes and rounded or flat top part
JamaHollow (Jama)smaller closed depression (reduction)
JaskyňaCave (Jaskyňa)larger cavern beneath the Earth's surface
KaňonCanyon (Kaňon)deep valley with steep slopes and flat bottom
KlenbaVault, saddle (Klenba) large, oblong elevation of the oval to circular plan view
KotlinaBasin (Kotlina)distinctive relief, surrounded by all sides with a higher relief, with a flat or slightly wavy bottom.
KráterCrater (Kráter)closed depression bordered by ridged mound
KužeľCone (Kužeľ)ridge similar to the cone shell, resp. to its part
MasívMassif (Masív)massive mountain or high-mountain whole, its length and width are roughly the same
MočiarSwamp (Močiar)Swamp is a wetland, a waterlogget territory, which is forested
MokraďWetland (Mokraď)wetland is area permanently or most of the time saturated with water either permanently or seasonally, constituting characteristics ecosystem
NivaFlood plain (Niva)flood plain or river flood-plain - the bottom of the river valley
NížinaLowlandTerritory at an altitude of up to 300 m. a.s.l. with a flat or hilly georelief. (in the world most commonly used altitude limit is 200 m. a.s.l. )
PahorkatinaHills, hill-country (Pahorkatina)territory with a wavy georelief with predominant vertical range of 31 to 100 m
PahorokUphill (Pahorok)small elevation with slight piedmont and gentle slopes
PanvaBasin (Panva)large shallow deprssion, surrounded by all sides by higher georelief, with a flat or slightly wavy bottom
PlaninaPlain (Planina)plateau at a higher altitude, usually in the area of ​​highlands and heights (highlands)
PlošinaPlateau (Plošina)territory with flat or very slightly wavy georelief in the surrounding more rugged territory, usually separated by slope from the respective erosive base
PodhorieFoothill (Podhorie)territory of highland or hilly character, developingly connected with neighboring heights , highland, mountains
PodolieValley (podolie)valley, vale, plain
PohorieMountainsgeneral designation of a large mountain ridge, with heights resp. highland character
PredhoriePiedmont-hills, foothills (Predhorie)continual lower mountain that spreads over its own mountain massif
PriesmykMountain passsignificant reduction of the continuous mountain back with a deeply cut saddle or valley
RovinaFlat, lowland (Rovina)territory with a flat or slightly wavy georelief with predominant vertical articulation up to 30 m
RyhaGroove, Furrow (Ryha)narrow narrow reduction (depression) of smaller dimensions
SedloSaddlelowest point on the back or the ridge between the two ridges
SvahSlope,Acclivity (Svah)tilted, sloped part of georelief
TabuľaPlatform, Plateau, Tableland (Tabuľa)territory of platform character
Terasa (Terasy)Terrace (Terrace land) - Terasa (Terasy)bench elevation in a georelief composed of a platform and a acclivitous, steep slope
TiesňavaGorge, Gulley, Narrow passage (Tiesňava)part of the valley with steep slopes, with the bottom most often filled by watercourse in the whole width, and with a significant valley
ÚpätiePiedmont (Úpätie)The area at the intersection of two different inclined georelief areas at the border of the depression and the elevation (ridge)
ÚvalHollow, depression (Úval)A landmark depression (socket), mostly tectonic, usually with elongated shape, on one or both ends open, with a wide bottom with a predominantly small height (up to 75 m)
ValMound, Extended Ridge (Val) stretched ridge in a flat area
VeľhornatinaHigh mountains over 1 500 m (Veľhornatina)territory with an exceptionally rugged georelief with a prevailing vertical articulation of over 641 m
Vrch, ŠtítMount, Peak ridge - elevation of larger dimensions in the highlands, generally with a relative height above 150 m
VrchovinaHighlands (Vrchovina)territory with a broken georelief with predominant vertical range from 101 to 310 m
VysočinaUpland (Vysočina)area at an altitude above 300 m (low 301 - 800 m, medium 801 - 1 500 m, high above 1 501 m). In the world, the lower altitude limit is 200 meters
ZníženinaDepression (Zníženina, depresia)territory (relief form) with an altitude less than that in its vicinity. Relatively lower (deepened, reduced) part of the georelief. Negative form of georelief
ZrázCliff (Zráz)steep inclined slope with a angle (slope) generally greater than 35 °
ZrubZrubvery steep (almost vertical) slope

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