Caves of the Slovak Karst - UNESCO Natural Heritage
This article follows up: Protected areas - overview and division
The programme UNESCO World Heritage catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund. The program was founded with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage,which was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. Since then, 192 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most adhered to international instruments.
Based on a joint project of Slovakia and Hungary, the caves of the Slovak Karst were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1995 as Caves of the Slovak and Aggtelec Karst. In 2000, the project was extended to the Dobšinská Ice Cave, located in the National Park Slovak Paradise (NPSP) in Slovakia. On the territory of Slovakia Caves Dobšinská Ice Cave, Domica, Gombasecká Cave, Jasovská Cave and Ochtinská Aragonite Cave are open to the public. Other caves and abysses of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Slovakia are not accessible, many of them are difficult to access.
The Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst are outstanding for the large number of complex, diverse and relatively intact caves concentrated into a relatively small area. Located at the north-eastern border of Hungary and the south-eastern border of Slovakia, this exceptional group of 712 caves, recorded at time of inscription, lies under a protected area of 56,651 ha and a larger buffer zone. Today more than 1000 caves are known, most of them are located in Slovakia. Karst processes have produced a rich diversity of structures and habitats that are important from a biological, geological and paleontological point of view.
Cave System Gombasek Cave - Silická ľadnica
Silická ľadnica Cave
Cave System Skalistý potok - Kunia Abyss
|Skalistý potok Cave (Jaskyňa Skalistého potoka)
Kunia Abyss (Kunia priepasť)
Source: Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst - UNESCO World Heritage List