Banská Štiavnica

Region: Region Banská Bystrica (Banskobystrický kraj)
District: Banská Štiavnica
Tourist location: Hont - tourist region
Mountains: Štiavnica Mountains (Štiavnické vrchy)
Lies by the river: Štiavnica
Monument reserve: Banská Štiavnica
Protected Landscape Area: Štiavnické vrchy
Latitude: 48° 26' 58.473600000036" / 48.44957600000001
Longitude: 18° 54' 31.286879999748" / 18.90869079999993
Unesco world heritage Banská Štiavnica is one of the most beautiful and historically most interesting towns in Slovakia. Štiavnica, once called “Silver town”, is like a textbook of history, architecture and landscaping. Everyone knows that it attracts artists, romantics and generally all people able to perceive its magical atmosphere. But no one can say certainly what the core of its magic is. Maybe it is because the town’s location in the centre of a long-extinct volcano, maybe because just below the surface it has kilometres of mining tunnels drilled through the ground like Emmenthal and maybe it is the result of its picturesque architecture.

Metal mining was practiced here already by Celts and Slavs. In the 12th century, Hungarian king Gejza II called German miners here. The town privileges were bestowed on Štiavnica by king Belo IV – likely at the same time as he did in Stoličný Belehrad and Trnava, in 1244 at the latest. The town used to be one of the most important in the Medieval Europe. It used to be Europe’s Eldorado, the riches gold and silver deposit.

Its treasures hidden underground payed for the palaces built in Vienna and Budapest and the town itself used to be the third biggest one in the Kingdom of Hungary.  For several centuries, the city was a treasury of Austro-Hungarian Empire. Rich miners built palaces here; it hosted the “ministry of mining” of central Hungary. It was the third largest city of Hungarian Empire and a place of origin of the first university institute of technology in Europe. It was a proud city, known throughout the Old Continent.

In Štiavnica you could find alchemy, Freemasons and top science with education, too. It was here that gunpowder was used for blasting rocks for the first time in human history. The first technical university in the world – the famous Mining Academy was established at this place and many technical inventions spread into the world right from here. One of the most sophisticated and the largest hydro-power systems was also developed here, in Banská Štiavnica: artificial water reservoirs called tajchs. Moreover, it is the place where a famous Slovak author Sládkovič fell in love with his Muse Marína.

At present the town attracts visitors by its splendid and untouched architecture, churches and palaces of rich burgesses in the town centre and humble mining houses scattered on the steep hillsides. Narrow romantic streets and hundreds of stairs interconnect the “storeys” of the town. Štiavnica is photogenic, as if time has not affected it: you will find here no traffic lights or billboards. Traditions are kept here.

In the historic core of the city - city's historical town reserve there are many art-historical objects. The city centre was, under the supervision of conservationists, restored to its original state. The local artificial water reservoirs (called “Tajchs”) and the remains of mining activity became part of the land, which in turn contributed to its unique character. As time went by, tourists started to come, and the glorious history begins to shine through again. An important milestone was the year 1993, when the historic city centre was, along with the technological monuments of the region, enlisted in the UNESCO’s World Heritage list.

Sources: www.banskastiavnica.sk, www.banskastiavnica.travel
City

Objects, services, attractions in city/municipality - Banská Štiavnica

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* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
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* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
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* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
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View in fullscreen mode
* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
* Click on the map marker for more details
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* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
* Click on the map marker for more details
View in fullscreen mode
* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
* Click on the map marker for more details
View in fullscreen mode
* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
* Click on the map marker for more details
View in fullscreen mode
* There is noticed the direct distance (as the crow flies) in km
* Click on the map marker for more details
View in fullscreen mode

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